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Solomon was born in Wantage, Sussex County, New Jersey, on August 20, 1755. He was the son, probably the first son, because he is mentioned first in Jan’s will, of Jan Middaugh and Elizabeth Kortregt. In 1776, he enlisted in the New Jersey Militia as a private. His Revolutionary War record shows that he volunteered several times, until 1783, and moved up in the ranks to Lieutenant. He served under General Washington at the Battle of Germantown and was aslo present at the Battle of Larkwax. 

After the war he returned to Wantage and around 1789, he married Catherine Walker, probably in Wantage. She was born May 16, 1768. The couple had seven children, the first three dying in infancy. Solomon, his brother Benjamin, and their father Jan or John, were all petitioners for the formation of the Clove Dutch Reform Church in Wantage. Jan became an ruling elder of the church, and in 1804, Solomon replaced his father as elder. 

In 1806, Solomon, Catherine and their children moved west to Cayuga County, New York, where they settled on a farm in Hector Township. Soon, that part of Cayuga County became Seneca County, and by 1820, that part of Seneca County would become Tompkins County. After the Revolutionary pension laws were passed, Solomon applied for and received a Revolutionary War veteran’s pension in 1832. Both Solomon and Catherine died in Tompkins Co., and are buried in the South Hill Cemetery near Ithaca. In his will, Solomon named his children, Jedediah, Simon W., Jane Paige and Richard W. 

Will of Solomon Middaugh, Tompkins County Wills, Vol. D, page 314

Soloman Middaugh died Feb. 23, 1843-abt. 86 years of age-in Town of Caroline. Resident of the Town of Caroline. Will Made-Dec. 18, 1840. Executors-Samuel H. Dean-Richard W. Middaugh. Witnesses-Samuel H. Dean-Seth Hanford-of Caroline, Tompkins County.

Probated-April 24, 1843. Tompkins County, New York. Surrogate-George G. Frier.

I will and bequeath $5 to my oldest son Jedediah Middaugh, having given him what I calculated would be his share of my estate.

I will and bequeath to my son Simeon Westfall Middaugh, an equal share of my Jacksonville property, situated in the Town of Ulysses, in the County of Tompkins, New York. Consisting of a piece or parcel of land conveyed to me on Oct. 22, 1839, by Wm. G. McLune and Sarah, his wife. Containing 1/4 of an acre of land, also another lot of land adjoining the above piece or parcel of land, included in the aforesaid conveyance, containing 5/8 of an acre.

I will and bequeath to my daughter, Jane Middaugh, now Jane Paige, the other half of the said Jacksonville property, after the above property is sold by my executor, the proceeds shall be equally divided between my son Simeon and my daughter Jane, and I also will and bequeath to my dau. Jane, one half of the household furniture, which belonged to her mother.

I next give and devise to my son Richard W. Middaugh, and to his heirs, that certain piece or parcel of land in the Town of Caroline, upon which I now reside, bounded as follows, on the N. by the Dryden Line, on the E. by lands belonging to the heirs of Gersham Hanford, deceased, on the S. by the lands of Charles cantine, and on the W. by the lands of Wm. Mott 2nd, containing 25 acres; and which was conveyed to me by the said Richard W. Middaugh, and Angeline, his wife on April 15, 1835.

I next will and bequeath to my granddaughter Janette Betsey Paige, who now lives with me, the other half of the said household furniture, which belonged to her grandmother, who is now deceased, and provided she stays with me during my natural life, I further give and bequeath to her a cow, and the sum of $100 at my decease.

In the matter of the estate of Solomon Middaugh, deceased, affidavit for pension. FIled April 24, 1843-State of New York, Tompkins County. ss: Richard W. Middaugh of Caroline in said county, being sworn, deposes & says that Solomon Middaugh was a pensioner of the United States at the rate of two hundred and twelve dollars and twenty cents per annum; was a resident of the County of Tompkins in the State of New York and died in the Town of Caroline in said County & State in the year of 1843 on the 23rd day of February; that he left no widow but left four children & only four surviving him whose names are Jedidiah Middaugh, Simeon W. Middaugh, Jane Paige, wife of Rufus W. A. Paige and this deponent Richard W. Middaugh who are respectively 21 years of age & upwards.

                  R. W. Middaugh

Subscribed & sworn before me this 24th day of April, 1843
Sam Crittenden Jr. Deputy Clerk, Tompkins County

1810 US Census, New York, Seneca County, Hector
MIDAUGH, Solomon
1 male under 10 (Richard, 4)
2 males 10/15 (Simeon, 10 & Jedediah, 14)
1 male over 45 (Solomon, 54)
2 females under 10 (Jane, 6)
1 female 26/44 (Catherine, 42)

1820 US Census, New York, Tompkins County, Hector
1 male 10/16 (Richard, 14)
1 male 16/26 (Simeon, 20)
1 male over 45 (Solomon, 64)
1 female under 10
1 female 16/26 (Jane, 16)
1 female over 45 (Catherine, 52) 

1830 US Census, New York, Tompkins County, Danby
1 male 70/80 (Solomon, 74)
1 female 5/10
1 female 60/70 (Catherine, 62)

1840 US Census, New York, Tompkins County, Caroline
MIDAUGH, Solomon
1 male 80/90 (Solomon, 84)
1 female 15/20
1 female 70/80 (Catherine, 72)

The information for this biography was provided by Dorothy Kimbrel, who lived in Denver, and with whom I corresponded many times; Solomon's Revolutionary War Pension application and his probated will; DeWitt Historical Society of Tompkins County; NYGBR, 57:361 & 58:48; DAR index, vol. 2:147

Thanks to Kenneth Smith for sending us this biography. If you have questions, please contact him.

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