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on the Speed Family Homestead on Level Green Road about one half mile up
from the Slaterville Road in the Town of Caroline. Known as the "Spring
Farm". Burial ground is to the left in the hedge of the Old Speed
This record is as complete as possible
at this time.
Photo by Cathy Knauff
Please use Notes
as a guide only!
It has been told that this burial ground is around the edge
of the Speed
By the census of 1820, the last previous to the abolition of slavery in this State, there were 70 slaves in Tioga County, including, as it then did, Chemung County and the present towns of Caroline, Newfield, and Danby in Tompkins County. Of this number 32 were in Caroline, and it is believed were divided up between four or five owners. These were the Boyer, Hyde, Patillo, and the Speeds, all Southerners, who located here permanently in 1805. They brought their slaves with them from the South, - Virginia and Maryland. The number originally brought in was about 20. The abolition of slavery in New York State began in 1817 and became final in 1827. The change had it troubles and excitements at the time, which still live in tradition and in the memories of the older people. One Peter Webb, a slave of John J. Speed, Sr. brought his freedom, and as a curiosity in the shape of record, we quote his manumission as on file in the town clerk's office:
The consideration was $384, paid by Webb. After his liberation he married, and settled on land near his former master, before the other slaves became free by operation of law. Mr. Frederick M. Webb, a son of the foregoing, now owns the old Dr. Speed homestead, in Caroline.
Peter Webb was a slave who belonged
to John J. Speed. He bought his freedom in 1819.
Read about Frederick M. Webb in Landmarks of Tompkins County - Family Sketches
Caroline Grove Cemetery has the following burials of this family, Peter Webb may be one of the bodies buried in this Slave burial ground, no mention of his burial Caroline Grove Cemetery that is located a short distance from the location of the Old Speed Homestead.
Webb, Frederick M. d. Dec. 16, 1893
ae 72y (different dates than above)
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